Indonesia’s Fruit Exports are Increasingly sharp in 2019
TABLOIDSINARTANI.COM, Jakarta — Horticultural commodities especially fruits have great potential to increase the country’s foreign exchange coffers. Based on BPS data, fruit exports in the period January – December 2018 increased significantly to reach 115.58% when compared to 2017. The export of these fruits is predicted to be fresher in 2019.
The types of fruit that are widely exported include pineapple, banana, and mangosteen . “Even the durian trade balance in that period also recorded a record surplus for the first time after a few years always a deficit,” said Director General of Horticulture, Prihasto Setyanto.
In more detail Prihasto revealed that Indonesia’s pineapple production in 2018 reached 1.8 million tons or 15 thousand containers in the form of fresh fruit and cans and had been exported to countries in Asia, the Middle East and Europe to 250 thousand tons. Launching BPS data, the volume of pineapple exports in 2018 was 13,336 tons or an increase of 39.16% compared to 2017 which was 9,605 tons.
Existing fruit export destination countries have spread to 65 countries including Japan, Hong Kong, Korea, Taiwan, China, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Vietnam, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Iran, the Middle East, Europe, America, Australia and others with value pineapple exports in 2018 amounting to Rp 115 billion. “Whereas in January-February 2019 pineapple exports were 3,148 tons. In 2019 the export target will be even higher by 30%,” he added.
Indonesia is currently ranked 5th in the world as a mangosteen producer, after India, China, Kenya and Thailand. The export destination has penetrated many countries. Namely China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, America, Australia and several other Asean countries. This condition is the opposite of the situation in 2013, where mangosteen exports were only 7 thousand tons.
Mangosteen centers are in West Java (Purwakarta, Subang, Sukabumi, Tasikmalaya and other districts), West Sumatra, East Java and others. In 2018, mangosteen exports could reach 38,830 tons, up 324 percent from 2017 of 9,167 tons. While the 2018 export value reached IDR 465 billion, up 730 percent compared to 2017 which was IDR 56 billion. “So, as much as 33 percent of Indonesia’s total mangosteen production has been exported,” he explained.
Nationally, the export share of 23 percent of Indonesia’s mangosteen production is 160 thousand tons a year. The mangosteen production is exported to several countries such as China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, America, Australia, France, the Netherlands and a number of other countries.
If Thailand is known for durian Chanee, Montong and Kan Yao, Malaysia is known for durian D24, Musangking and Ochee’s favorite forwards, then Indonesia is favorite with durian Petruk, Matahari and forehead favorite Pelangi durian. Local durian has quite a large export opportunity because it has a quality that is not inferior to durian originating from other countries. The proof, durian from Indonesia has penetrated into foreign markets such as Hong Kong, China, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Saudi Arabia to the Netherlands.
Director of Fruit and Floriculture, Liferdi Lukman added that durian production and export each year has increased. Based on BPS data, the trade balance deficit was durian before, but 2018 was already a surplus. In 2017 it reached 795 tons and its exports amounted to 240 tons. In 2018, durian production and exports experienced a pretty drastic increase, namely production of 819,654 tons and 1,086 tons of exports.
Not only durian, in 2018, zalacca exports rose 28 percent or 1,233 tons compared to 2017 which amounted to 965 tons. Referring to the BPS data, as for the zalacca export destination countries namely China, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Timor Leste, Netherlands, Qatar, Hong Kong, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Quality and Production Improvement
Seeing the increasingly stretched fruit exports each year, Liferdi increasingly solidified the policy of increasing the production and quality of national fruits through the fruit area development program and the application of GAP (Good Agriculture Practices).
No less than 6000 hectares each year the Ministry of Agriculture develops priority fruit areas, namely oranges, mangoes, mangosteen, bananas, durian, and other fruits such as longan, pineapple, snake fruit and dragon fruit in various production centers. Through this program, Liferdi hopes that national fruit production will increase so that it can meet the needs of domestic and export fruit consumption.
Even since 2016, the Ministry of Agriculture began to initiate 125 hectares of commercial fruit development with a partnership and plasma core between farmers’ groups and the private sector. In the future this regional development model will be replicated to other regions, Liferdi explained. In 2019, the Ministry of Agriculture has also begun the development of fruit in social forestry land, namely the development of 10 hectares of durian in Pemalang Regency. Utilization of social services land for the development of fruit agro tourism will certainly provide added value to the national fruit, he added.
Not only increasing production, improving quality is absolutely necessary in encouraging exports. GAP breakthrough program implementation also needs to be improved. By doing so, in 2019 until the following years Liferdi was convinced that the fruits of Indonesia were increasingly ready to be excellent in foreign countries, not only in Asia but also in European countries.